Board of Directors
The ADAP Advocacy Association
(aaa+® ) is governed by a dedicated,
diverse volunteer board of directors. The organization now benefits from
the combined experience of six HIV-positive members, two ADAP recipients
(plus two former ADAP recipients), one physician, one attorney, one religious
leader, eight influential AIDS community activists and leaders, and two lifelong
disability rights champions.
The board of directors includes:
Michelle Anderson, (Dallas, TX 75203)
William E. Arnold, (Washington, DC 20009)
Aaron Baldwin, (San Francisco, CA 94105)
Robert Breining, (Philadelphia, PA 19019)
Janine Brignola, (Omaha, NE 68111)
Elmer L. Cerano, (Lansing, MI 48911)
Eric Flowers, (Oakland, CA. 94612)
Darryl Fore, (Cleveland, OH 44102)
Philip A. Haddad, MD, (Shreveport, LA 71104)
Brandon M. Macsata, (Washington, DC 20003)
Glen Pietrandoni, (Chicago, Il 60601)
Elizabeth M. Shepherd, (Summerton, SC 29148)
Chrys Thorsen, (Los Angeles, CA. 90048)
Joey Wynn, (Miami, FL 33122)
[Back to Top]Michelle
Michelle Anderson, Ms. Plus
America 2011, is first openly HIV positive woman to ever run for and win
a national pageant title. She currently resides in Dallas, Texas and is very
active in her community as a Advocacy Mobilizer for AIDS Healthcare Foundation,
Consultant for the Afiya Center HIV Prevention and Sexual Reproductive Justice,
Co-Chair of Campaign to End AIDS Southwest, Treasurer/Board Member for ADAP
Advocacy Association, member of the Texas Black Women Initiative and Blogger
for A Girl Like Me! . Michelle has dedicated much of her personal life to
educating others on HIV/AIDS throughout the greater Dallas area and across
the United States.
She plans to finish her degree in Social Work where she will be able to continue
to spread the message, and educate people regarding HIV/AIDS as well as use
her title to raise awareness, end stigma, shame and blame associated with
HIV infection among woman of color. Michelle has Certificates of Completion
in: NAPWA (National Association of People with HIV/AIDS) Common Threads,
NMAC (National Minority AIDS Council) Treatment Adherence Peer Program Training,
and CHANGE (Center for Health and Gender Equity) Global Leadership Training,
Leadership in Advocacy and Planning (LEAP) Strengthening Consumer Involvement
and Leadership (SCILS) Project. Some of the most empowering appearances Michelle
had the privileged of experiencing was sitting in panel discussion hosted
by The Dallas Health Department (Regional Forum on Black Women and HIV/AIDS
in Texas) in Houston, Texas to discuss the disparities of African-American
women around HIV/AIDS. She also was an opening speaker for 97.9 The Beat
HIP HOP for HIV and Dallas Health Department on World AIDS Day where she
shared her story about becoming infected in hopes to raise awareness of HIV/AIDS
and the importance of getting tested.
She has done a number of appearances via video and radio such as CNN/HLN:
What Matters, Syndicated radio show with Michael Baisden, HEAVEN 97, Plus
Model Radio with Chenese Lewis, Public Service Announcements for ADAP Advocacy
Association, AIDS Healthcare Foundation, Re:Solve from Chronic Disease Fund,
North Star Pro Blogtalk Radio, POZIAM Blogtalk Radio, Curvy-Girl and, The
Condom Ladies Fishbowl Networks, and Lets Stop HIV Together
a CDC national campaign designed to feature individual stories to champion
the power relationships in their personal and public fight to stop HIV. Her
story has been featured in numerous news articles such as The Dallas Examiner
by Marsha Jones, Living with HIV and The Life of A Positive
Queen, A Hard Lesson to Learn Living with HIV/AIDS by Ray
Jordon of the Dallas Examiner, Celebrity Speaks Out on AIDS by
Sherri Jacobson and Dallas HIP HOP event Encourages HIV Testing
by Marianne Brown of The Dallas Morning News and web articles by The Body
and Positivelite.com in Canada just to name a few.
Michelle was nominated to sit on the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS
(PACHA) in 2010 and has traveled to Austin and Washington DC to speak with
elected officials regarding the impact of and policies surrounding HIV/AIDS
and in July of 2012, Michelle was bestowed the honor of receiving the Positive
Leadership Award by The National Association of People with AIDS recognizing
the use of her "Bully Pulpit" to raise awareness.
[Back to Top]William "Bill"
William "Bill" Arnold
is a longtime HIV/AIDS activist and consumer organizer and has been active
in developing HIV/AIDS organizations and HIV/AIDS policy at the local, state
and national level since the mid 1980s. Arnold is a founding director
(1996) of the Community Access National Network (CANN), formerly the Ryan
White CARE Act Title II Community AIDS National Network (TIICANN); he is
currently its CEO. He is also a founder (1995) of The National ADAP Working
Group, a Washington, DC based advocacy coalition of HIV/AIDS organizations.
His involvement with grassroots HIV/AIDS work has included roles from Board
Chair and Board Member, to Buddy to AIDS Educator, Community
Outreach Director, & pre & post test HIV Counselor. Arnold has testified
on HIV/AIDS issues before several county legislatures, the New York State
Assembly and the United States Congress on numerous occasions. In addition,
Arnold has been active in global AIDS activities as Secretary/Treasurer of
AIDSETI (AIDS Empowerment and Treatment International). He also serves on
the Fair Pricing Coalition.
More recently, Arnold has also invested a lot of time in raising awareness
about Viral Hepatitis.
[Back to Top]Aaron Baldwin
Aaron Baldwin serves as the first
out LGBT & HIV-positive agent in the insurance industry, and a former
ADAP recipient. His work at New York Life Insurance has pioneered new financial
concepts and strategies, such as the first of its kind Positive Planning
for the HIV Positive Community. By combining his knowledge of the LGBT community,
with sound financial planning strategies from New York Life, Baldwin seeks
to help his clients not only meet, but to exceed their unique planning.
Prior to joining New York Life, Baldwin spent over seventeen (17) years in
various consulting and employment engagements, often leading the management
of large corporate installations of Enterprise Content Management systems.
ECM is an umbrella term covering document management, web content management,
search, collaboration, records management, digital asset management (DAM),
workflow management, capture and scanning.
His involvement with grassroots HIV/AIDS and LGBT work has included roles
from Board Chair/Member and other positions at the Bay Area Youth Summit
Foundation, Tenderloin Tessie Holiday Dinners, Openhouse, The Sisters of
Perpetual Indulgence, and the AIDS Candlelight Memorial. Baldwin earned a
bachelor degree from Baldwin Wallace University and attended the Masters
of Business Administration School at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
[Back to Top]Robert
Robert Breining was born and reared in Philadelphia, PA. At a young age,
Breining discovered the importance of working as a team to accomplish a goal.
He has been playing soccer for over 20 years, and he currently plays for
the Philadelphia Falcons; he has traveled as far as Copenhagen, Denmark to
compete in an IGLFA (International Gay and Lesbian Futbol Association)
Tournaments. In 2007, five years after the passing of his father and his
HIV diagnosis, Breining had what he calls his 'Ah Ha' moment. He now looks
at every life experience and asks, "What am I supposed to learn from this?"
In 2007, he became a Campaign Ambassador for Hope's Voice and participated
in their Does HIV Look Like Me? campaign.
That October he launched the POZIAM Community, a social networking website
for people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS. He wanted to give others living
with HIV hope and a place "to just be themselves." In July of 2008, Breining
launched the POZIAM Radio a bi-weekly internet radio show, with his Co-host
Jeromy Dunn of POZitively Speaking on Sundays, and the following year Jack
Mackenroth joined as his co-host. Last year, Breining was a featured speaker
at the ADAP Advocacy Association's 2009 Annual Conference in Washington,
DC. Breing is described as a "Positive Person with a Purpose." His goal is
to help people living with HIV/AIDS discover similarities in each other...and
form friendships. He has been living with HIV for 10 years and recently started
receiving his medications through Pennsylvania's AIDS Drug Assistance Program.
[Back to Top]Janine
Janine Brignola is a mother,
a student at Nebraska Wesleyan University, an HIV activist and advocate,
and she is herself positive. Janine speaks to educate both freelance and
with Hope's Voice "Does HIV Look Like Me" program, utilizing YouTube for
video blogs under HIVchick. Janine has been featured in both print and television
as well as billboards.
She has had blogs featured on the MTV Staying Alive campaign, she is a part
of the Nebraska Red Ribbon Group and is also an ambassador for Dab the AIDS
Bear. Janine enjoys spending as much time possible just being "mommy" to
her son and she believes that it is her privilege and honor to be his mother
and to be the activist she has become.
[Back to Top]Elmer L.
Elmer L. Cerano is a nationally recognized
advocate for people with disabilities. His impact as an uncompromising advocate
has been recognized in Michigan, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Washington, D.C.
and throughout the nation. Mr. Cerano has served as the Executive Director
of the Arc Maryland (formerly The Association for Retarded Citizens of Maryland)
as well as the President and Chief Executive Officer of United Cerebral Palsy
Association of Metropolitan Detroit.
In addition, Cerano served as the Executive Director of the Pennsylvania
Protection and Advocacy Service and currently serves as the Executive Director
of the Michigan Protection and Advocacy Service, Inc. Cerano earned a bachelor
degree from Western Michigan University and a Masters Degree in Educational
Sociology from Wayne State University, in Detroit, Michigan. In addition,
Cerano earned a Certificate from the University of Grenoble and successfully
completed course work in Governing for Nonprofit Excellence through the Harvard
[Back to Top] Eric Flowers
Ramsell, a family-owned company since 1967, has a
rich history of creating positive outcomes for the health and safety of
underserved populations. Ramsell works with its clients in public health,
education and corrections maximize limited funds and resources through
cost-effective coordination of care and services. By offering our partners
highly-configurable web-based technology and expertise, Ramsell has become
a leader in connecting people to the services they need.
Eric joined the Flowers family business in 1994 and quickly moved up the
ranks, playing a crucial role in transforming the company into a leader in
ADAP services. Starting as a Vice President, Flowers developed and managed
the Enrollment & Eligibility Network for the ADAP programs in San Francisco,
Santa Barbara and San Mateo counties. He was promoted to CFO in 1996 and
played a pivotal role in securing ADAP contracts with California and Washington.
Assuming the role of President/COO in 2002, Flowers was responsible for the
day-to-day management, strategic planning and implementation of corporate
In January 2008, Eric was named CEO and President. As CEO of Ramsell Corporation,
he has taken Ramsell beyond its initial roots in pharmacy and PBM services,
expanding the company's tools, technology and services to broaden Ramsell's
impact in new markets, including education, corrections, and social services.
A passionate advocate of community health issues, Flowers has a long history
of helping others. While earning his B.S. degree at University of California
at Berkeley, he counseled and tutored at The Best Resort, a group home for
boys. In 2001, he joined the Haight Ashbury Free Clinics' (HAFCI) board of
directors, working on a variety of committees including finance, audit,
governance and programs, and served as Vice Chairman and Chairman of the
Board. Flowers was actively involved in the negotiations and subsequent merger
of HAFCI and Walden House in July 2011 now known as Health Right 360. He
is also on the Advisory Board of the St. Mary's College School of Economics
and Business Administration where he earned his in 2004. In January 2014,
Eric joined the boards of directors for Sutter East Bay Hospitals, Sutter
East Bay Medical Foundation, and Sutter Medical Center Castro Valley. Eric
joined the ADAP Advocacy Association (aaa+) board of directors in 2011.
Eric lives with his wife, two sons, and chocolate Labrador in Oakland, CA.
[Back to Top]Darryl Fore
Darryl Fore is a native Clevelander, who resides
in Cleveland, Ohio. Fore has been employed in the fields of Banking, Theatrical
production, Sales, Information Technology, Education and Property Management.
He has been actively involved in the HIV/AIDS arena for more than 20 years.
After being diagnosed with HIV+ in 1991, his volunteer commitment to HIV/AIDS
issues increased. He felt compelled to do more to help others affected by
the disease because of the intensive HIV education he had acquire at the
time of his diagnosis.
His volunteer efforts have included: volunteering at his local AIDS taskforce,
working as a HIV Pre-test Counselor, serving on the Ohio Department of
Healths HIV/AIDS advisory board, participating on HIV Clinical Trials
Unit advisory board, implementing various HIV/AIDS community outreach projects
and serving as a member of Ryan White Part A Planning Council. Fore has a
strong interest in all forms of the Arts, from visual arts to performance
He is a frequent volunteer in the Cleveland Theater and Film communities.
He was once an avid reader of mystery novels until an opportunistic infection
robbed him of that ability. He currently serves on the Board of Directors
of The National Association of Black and White Men Together. He has a degree
in Psychology from Cleveland State University.
[Back to Top]Philip A Haddad,
Philip A Haddad, MD, FACP, FCCP, FAHA is currently an Assistant Professor
at the Louisiana State University Department of Medicine. Dr. Haddad specializes
in Hematology/Medical Oncology and is licensed to practice medicine in Arizona,
Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Dakota and Tennessee.
He received his Doctorate of Medicine from the American University of
Beirut-School of Medicine. In 1997, Dr. Haddad completed his Internship in
Internal Medicine at the University of South Dakota and his Residency in
Internal Medicine two years later from the University of South Dakota-School
In 2002, Dr. Haddad received his Fellowship in Hematology, Oncology &
Transplantation, from the University of Minnesota-School of Medicine. He
is an active member of 24 professional organizations, including the American
Medical Association, HIV Medicine Association and Infectious Diseases Society
of America. He has been published on numerous occasions.
[Back to Top]Brandon M.
Brandon Macsata serves as Managing
Partner of The Macsata-Kornegay Group, Inc. a national political and
fundraising consulting firm specializing in grassroots campaigns, media messaging
and political fundraising. He is widely recognized for his ability to connect
national, state and local stakeholders interested in influencing public policy.
Macsata has extensive experience working with political candidates, national
and statewide trade associations, and other corporate entities. In November
2009, Macsata was acknowledged by HIV-Plus Magazine to be amongst the Top
25 LGBT Leaders Fighting HIV/AIDS.
First diagnosed as HIV-positive in March 2002, Macsata has dedicated much
of his professional and personal life advocating for persons living with
HIV/AIDS. He currently serves as CEO of the ADAP Advocacy Association (aaa+),
a national non-profit organization working to improve the AIDS Drug Assistance
Program (ADAP). In his capacity as CEO, he has successfully assembled a wide
spectrum of ADAP stakeholders to re-energize patient advocacy around the
AIDS Drug Assistance Program at the national level. From November 2003 to
March 2006, he authored a weekly news column on national HIV-related stories
for The Weekly News in Miami, Florida.
He is also a former ADAP recipient. At the age of 27, Macsata was the youngest
Executive Director of a national trade association; he managed the American
Congress of Community Support & Employment Services (ACCSES) from 2000-2003,
a national trade association representing the interests of community, non-profit
agencies providing supports and services to persons with disabilities. Prior
to moving to Washington, DC in 2000, he opened a 100-bed assisted living
care facility in Wilmington, North Carolina. Serving as the facilitys
assistant administrator, Macsata worked closely with community leaders and
state agencies to advocate for seniors.
Macsata has advised candidates for political office, and has also run for
office himself at the local and national levels. In 1995, he was just 79
votes short of beating a 22-year incumbent and becoming the youngest person
ever elected in the State of North Carolina. In 2000, he formed an exploratory
committee to run for the U.S. House of Representatives before ultimately
deciding against running for that office. He is a graduate of the University
of North Carolina at Wilmington, where he graduated Cum Laude with a Bachelor
of Arts in political science. In April 2009, UNCW awarded Macsata
and his business partner the Political Science Departments
Outstanding Political Science Graduate award in recognition for
[Back to Top]Glen
Glen Pietrandoni, R.Ph, is
a 1979 graduate of the St Louis College of Pharmacy. After a decade as an
owner of a small chain of independent pharmacies in Chicago, he joined Walgreens
as a store manager and pharmacist at various locations throughout the Chicago
With the advent of early HIV therapy in the late 1980s, Glen addressed the
needs of this community by establishing a relationship with a nearby physician's
practice devoted to treating HIV patients and by understanding the unique
needs of this population. In 1996, Walgreens opened its first HIV-focused
pharmacy inside the Howard Brown Health Center, the Midwest's largest gay
and lesbian healthcare center, which provides primary patient care, case
management, social services, and research under one roof. Glen served as
Pharmacy Manager for the Walgreens site at Howard Brown Health Center until
2003. As Walgreens expanded its HIV services and locations, Glen moved into
the corporate office to manage nationwide HIV and hepatitis patient programs
and services throughout the company's enterprise of retail, specialty, and
other business units.
Glen has received numerous awards and recognition for his work in HIV and
community pharmacy, including Pharmacist of the Year from Drug Topics Magazine
in 1998 and 1999, and Volunteer of the Year for Test Positive Aware in 2002.
Glen is a member of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, the American
Academy of HIV Medicine, the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association, and supports
numerous AIDS service organizations across the country.
[Back to Top]Elizabeth M.
Elizabeth M. Shepherd is
a graduate of East Carolina University with a concentration in Community
Health Education and Promotion. Since being diagnosed with HIV/AIDS in 1998,
Elizabeth found her love and support at Lowcountry AIDS-Services who also
realized she would be a great speaker, advocate, and counselor. In 2004 Elizabeth
became a Peer Counselor for the Rural Women with AIDS Program a grant from
the NIH and centered at the University of South Carolina. Elizabeth spent
four years traveling the roads of rural SC counseling and advocating for
women and their rights. In 2005, Elizabeth was one of the founding members
of the South Carolina Campaign to End AIDS and since then has literally made
a remarkable journey back to health after experiencing two cerebral aneurysms.
Elizabeth graduated in the top 7% of her class at East Carolina University,
overcoming her traumatic life experiences and providing a excellent example
of what one can do when pursuing their passion. Now she is a graduate student
at East Carolina University in the Health Education Program and currently
serves on the steering committee of the Positive Women's Network, AIDS-Alliance
for Children, Youth and Families Consumer Leadership Program. Elizabeth works
as a Regional Representative for Physicians Pharmacy Alliance and travels
South Carolina in an effort to help ensure all eligible individuals can receive
all the necessary medications for their chronic illness and live a higher
quality of health, wellness, and life.
One outstanding achievement, which brings her on board of the ADAP Advocacy
Association, is in 2008 on August 24, Elizabeth coordinated a Care and Treatment
Town Hall meeting covering eleven counties in rural Eastern North Carolina
in which Jeffrey Crowley, Larry Bryant, and Christine Campbell helped to
facilitate. Mr. Crowley made the appearance on his way to Atlanta for the
first of the ten scheduled meetings. Many of the national trips to advocate
have slowed down due to the new job and graduate school but she is proud
and happy to serve on the board. Elizabeth believes in total access to
medications, ETHA, and the right to live for all individuals diagnosed with
HIV regardless of economic status, color, disability or lack of.
[Back to Top]Chrys Thorsen
Chrys Thorsen is an education and technology consultant who innovates sustainable
enterprise training solutions. In her lifetime as an IT professional, she
has garnered over 35 IT certifications including Certified Cisco Systems
Instructor and Network Professional (CCSI/CCNP), Microsoft Certified Trainer,
Systems Engineer and IT Professional (MCT/MCSE/MCITP), ISC(2) Certified
Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) and ISACA Certified IS
Auditor (CISA). Living by the mantra that the only true measure of
a successful program is results on the ground - everything else is just
noise, Chrys designs, develops and delivers solutions with the end
goal in mind.
In Africa, from 2009 2011, she worked for SmartCare, a PEPFAR-funded
electronic health record (EHR) program that is a collaborative effort between
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Republic of
Zambias Ministry of Health. Recognizing that drive-by activism
from a donor nation is a recipe for failure, Chrys led an international team
to create the viral teaching method to continuously train and
certify Zambian health professionals in the EHR software system. In 2011,
Chrys developed the SmartCare exhibit for the annual PEPFAR conference in
Johannesburg. At that conference, SmartCare won the PEPFAR Marketplace award
for the Most Innovative PEPFAR project. By the time Chrys returned
to the US in February 2012, over 700 Zambian health professionals (from all
provinces and districts) had been trained and certified using the viral method.
Today the count stands at over 3000 and climbing. Her teams demanding
certification exam is a government requirement for all health professionals
who receive SmartCare training.
Chrys current project in Africa is The Advanced Technical and Business
Management Institute of the United States, a school that will build a
sustainable, international-market-ready labor pool from the Zambian people.
Her international writing and design team at TBH Consulting has authored
fifteen textbooks on an array of IT subjects, with four more in the works.
Over the past 17 years as a master trainer, Chrys has delivered 400 IT
certification classes and taught 5000 students.
[Back to Top]Joey Wynn
Joey Wynn has made a career in HIV advocacy, public
policy and working in a variety of public health settings over the course
of his 22 years in the state of Florida. In 1994, he was involved in the
start up of the first Ryan White Outpatient HIV Program (SIS) Dept. at Mercy
Hospital in Miami, FL. In 1996 he joined Florida AIDS Action (FLAAC), based
in North Miami, it was a statewide advocacy agency providing medical treatment
information & education for patients and physicians; with a focus on
increasing awareness for funding from the State Legislature for HIV related
services, especially the AIDS Insurance Continuation Program by bringing
in a multi-bus tour with patients from around the state to the Capitol, resulting
in the first million dollars of state funding earmarked for the AICP program
as well as additional funding for other HIV projects.
Then he served for 5 years as the Ryan White Patient Care Administrator for
the Broward County Health Department's AIDS Program office, overseeing provision
of $20 million of HIV services for two clinics, four pharmacies, and seven
subcontractor agencies throughout Broward County. His next step was a five
year role in the Statewide Medicaid HIV Disease Management program, Positive
Healthcare, as the statewide Community Relations Director. Acting as a liaison
with the six HIV Ryan White "Part A" planning bodies across six cities, he
worked directly with various HIV service delivery systems of care throughout
Florida. Joey then worked for Broward House for 5 years as the Director of
Public Policy. BH is an AIDS Service organization providing the entire spectrum
of services for clients: Housing, primary medical care, substance abuse
rehabilitation, mental health, and social services for people living with
He also served four years as a member of the Florida Statewide Medicaid Advisory
group. He has worked on various local, State, and Federal Pharmacy formulary
panels and workgroups over the past 17 years, and developed a Ryan White
Part A funded analysis of Pharmacy efficiency / effectiveness in an evaluation
report for the Broward County EMA, comparing Florida EMAs for cost &
utilization with the Florida ADAP in 2005.
[Back to Top]Gary R. Rose
Gary R. Rose is currently President of an independent Health Systems Consulting
company. Formerly, Rose was a Senior Vice President with Hyde Park
Communications. His work included health systems consulting for clients including
Hoffmann-La Roche Public Policy and Government Affairs; Bristol Myers Squibb
Public Policy, Community Affairs and Reimbursement Divisions; Pfizer; The
Title II Community AIDS National Network; Cooleys Anemia Foundation;
ADAP Working Group; and TAEP Project. Previously, Mr. Rose was a Vice President
at Nelson Public Relations in New York.
Earlier, he served as the Research and Treatment Coordinator for the AIDS
Action Council in Washington, DC. While at AIDS Action, Mr. Rose helped to
form the ADAP Working Group and the Patients Coalition for Responsible
FDA Reform. He also served as a co-chair of the National Associations Responding
to AIDS (NORA) and on the International Issues and Research Working Groups
and as an official advisor to the committee that developed the Guidelines
for the Use of Antiviral Therapies in HIV-infected Adults and Adolescents.
[Back to Top]Rani G.
Rani G. Whitfield, M.D., a board certified family physician with a Certificate
of Added Qualification (CAQ) in sports medicine, has become known as "The
Hip Hop Doc" or "H2D" to many of the young adults in his hometown of Baton
Rouge, Louisiana where he practices medicine. Dr. Whitfield is an impassioned
advocate for increasing the awareness of health related issues, such as HIV/AIDS,
obesity, cardiovascular disease, and substance abuse affecting African American
Dr. Whitfield received his medical degree with honors from Meharry Medical
College in Nashville, Tennessee. Thereafter, he completed his internship
and residency in family medicine at St Elizabeth's Medical Center in Dayton,
Ohio in 1999 and a sports medicine fellowship at Ohio State University in
2000. In the most important book ever written about HIV/ AIDS in the African
American community, "Not In My Family," by Gil Robertson, IV, Dr. Whitfield
was featured in chapter 50 for his views on this important topic along with
Jesse Jackson, Jr., Al Sharpton, and Patti Labelle, just to name a few.